Louis XIV and Absolutism: A Brief Study with Documents by William Beik Louis XIV and Absolutism: A Brief Study with Documents by William Beik

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Another issue concerning taxes was that the act of collecting the taxes failed to produce enough revenue. He established a conscientious routine from which he seldom deviated, but he did not look upon his duties as drudgery since he judged his royal profession to be "grand, noble, and delightful.

This, in conjunction with stimulating the economy by reducing taxes, allowing monopolies, and encouraging immigration of skilled workers, boosted the worth of the French economy, and had a positive influence on the country as a whole.

Although Colbert didn't mean this, nobles and the cleargy were free from these taxes.

Louis XIV: Apogee of Absolutism | Mises Institute

Ever eager to be part of the kings inner circle the nobility started to occupy themselves with frivolous things like the opera, balls, and gossip.

Aside from the fact that others wanted to claim the throne for themselves, the crowning of Philip assured Louis XIV of a Spanish alliance in his quest to expand. The King appointed Francois le Tellier, later marquis de Louvois, secretary of the state for war. Essays 2 pages, words An absolute monarch is a ruler by divine right who has control over every portion of his kingdom.

Louis was content cute usernames for online dating continue this policy as nobles with power were a potential threat to the monarchy, the downside to this policy was the crown lost much potential revenue.

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Thus a government, if it is to exercise its political authority in an area, must first make the region culturally homogeneous with the ruling nation. He set up an administration that utilized several councils of the state and intendants, and his government had a uniform and centralized administration that was imposed onto the country.

Members of the high nobility with their huge estates and clients among the lesser nobility still exercised much authority. The army was divided into four sections: The people of France, in the main, had grown tired of the chaos bred by weak kings, obstreperous nobles, and religious strife.

Between a rock and a hard place Posts: The first was to keep a positive trade balance. Instead of the high nobility and royal princes, Louis relied for his ministers on nobles who came from relatively new aristocratic families.

Absolutism under Louis XIV - Sample Essays

This sentence is perfect! They still viewed their positions as entirely independent. During this time the art of war was dominated by the defensive, mainly due to the emphasis on fortification and the innovations of a brilliant French engineer, Vauban. The age of enlighenment was on the horizon, and over time other european countries began to modernise, whilst France languished in the past still bathing in the memory of its sun king oblivious to the spectre of revolution hovering nearby.

French classicism is the art and literature created in the age of Louis XIV. But neither side wanted to go that far. They wished to maintain their own culture and laws and did not want to accept the monarchy as their ruler.

Louis XIV and Absolutism: A Brief Study with Documents

The people were ready for a strong king, or at least strong government from the monarchy. The day after the death of Mazzarino, Louis XIV announced that he wanted to take the power of the country.

Again the country began a descent into chaos. At the time he became king, France was financially ruined, politically corrupt, and divided between warring nobles and private armies and under the threat of riots from the people, especially in Paris.

As regards the operations of the state, Colbert raised government income to the point when it could pay for quite massive expenses.

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The vernacular language swelled in popularity under his reign. Absolutism is the system of rule that allows one or more rulers to maintain absolute power over everything in the land. Then Colbert decided to enstablish five monopolistic companies, such as the one in the Baltic area and another in Senegal.

This document claimed that the pope's authority in France was limited to spiritual matters and that even in spiritual matters, the pope was subject to the decisions of a general council.

This made the opposition happy since a union of France and Spain was now impossible.

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They were not fighting for a say in the central government. Thus the small farmers earn nothing; they leave the land as destitute as they came to it. He or she made the laws, executed the laws, and judged those who violated the laws. These 5,00 nobles were those who were thought to pose the most risk to Louis XIV?

This is when absolutism in France was not as successful, as no one was telling the king that his foreign policy was driving the nation into Bankrupcy. It was not until Napoleon that France had internal discord again. Moreover the Crown had an agreement with the nobility for many years that said that as long as the nobility did not pay taxes, they did not have a say in government.

Louis XIV: Apogee of Absolutism

The breeding of a strong and controlled military, The building of Versailles to control the nobility, The selling of nobility, and The appointed of an advisor.

Louis XIV identified himself directly with the governing of the nation. This idea led to domestic peace. Yet the grand spectacle of Versailles hid a secret agenda.

Abdicating all the power Other areas of improvement were the legal reforms Louis XIV implemented. It was not uncommon to have fountains with slowing wine, roast oxen, coins minted for the occasion and bread handed out to the masses.

Hence justice was "my justice," and hence he claimed the inherent right to tax all his subjects at will. His mother, Marie de Medici, became regent and botched the running of the government. Datenschutz Absolutism The day after Cardinal Mazarin's death, Louis XIV, at the age of twenty three, expressed his determination to be a real king and the sole ruler of France: Government subsidizing and directing of industry and manufacture increased productivity, raised wages, and brought France into the trade wars with the English and the Dutch.

He made sure all armed persons in France fought only for him.

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He was able to achieve this due to the development of absolutism in France. In Henry, this is what they got. It was therefore important to show, through royal events and presentations, the state as personified by the king.

To assure the nobility were pleased with him, Louis granted them privileged social status and increased access to himself, which in turn meant access to the enormous patronage the king had to dispenseThe government of France relied on the social and political structure of 17th century France, where historically the nobility had great influence.

This facilitated trade as well as the movement of military forces.

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In he put down a revolt by Huguenots, and after the siege of La Rochelle, took away the power of Huguenots to maintain fortified positions within France. Louis achieved this as a result of his reformed laws, foreign policy, a smart economic advisor, and his decision to deny power to the nobility.

This is because all conditions and favorable The most favored method was to quarter French soldiers in Huguenot communities and homes with the freedom to misbehave so that their hosts would "see the light quickly.