Philological and Historical Commentary on Ammianus Marcellinus XXVI Philological and Historical Commentary on Ammianus Marcellinus XXVI

Ammianus marcellinus res gestae online dating, user reviews:

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He was "a former soldier and a Greek" miles quondam et graecushe tells us, and his enrollment among the elite protectores domestici household guards shows that he was of noble birth.

He wrote the penultimate major historical account surviving from Antiquity the last was written by Procopius. The only independent textual source for Ammianus lies in M, another ninth-century Frankish codex which was, unfortunately, unbound and placed in other codices during the fifteenth century.

Like other historians of his day, he does not indicate sources. A Survey of the Latin Classics Oxford: The first modern edition was produced ammianus marcellinus res gestae online dating C.

Ammianus Marcellinus

The surviving eighteen books cover the period from to As a whole it has been considered extremely valuable, being a clear, comprehensive and in general impartial account of events by a contemporary.

The precise year of his death is unknown, but scholarly consensus places it somewhere between and at the latest.

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Ammianus was born between and in the Greek-speaking East, possibly at Antioch on the Orontes. He was passionate about loyalty to the Emperor yet also criticized emperors. The Roman Empire of Ammianus. As a result, it is difficult for the reader to understand why the battles he describes had the outcome they did.

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Cambridge University Press, Robinson demonstrated persuasively that V was copied from M. Books 26 to 29 cover a series of violent and bloody events, including the trial and execution of the lawyer, Theodorus and restriction on the power of the Senate, suppression of a revolt bressie dating simulator Africaamazon referral drive in bangalore dating rapid succession of emperors, various persecutions, the expulsion of intellectuals from Rome —Ammianus himself appears to have avoided this, possibly due to his military rank—and the Visigoth invasion, Valen's defeat at the Battle of Adrianople —beginning what later became the Fall of Rome.

Critique Edward Gibbon judged Ammianus "an accurate and faithful guide, who composed the history of his own times without indulging the prejudices and passions which usually affect the mind of a contemporary.

He entered the army at an early age, when Constantius II was emperor of the East, and was sent to serve under Ursicinusgovernor of Nisibis in Mesopotamiaand magister militum.

Aside from the loss of the first thirteen books, the remaining eighteen are in many places corrupt and lacunose.

Copy Citation

The Historical Work of Ammianus Marcellinus. His work, known as the Res Gestae, chronicled in Latin the history of Rome from the accession of the emperor Nerva in 96 to the death of Valens at the Battle of Adrianople inalthough only the sections covering the period — survive.

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The sole surviving manuscript from which almost every other is derived is a ninth-century Carolingian text, Vatican lat.

Declining into old age, and often owing victory to its name alone, Rome has come to a quieter period of its existence.

Structure of the Res Gestae -- The Ammianus Marcellinus Online Project

He accompanied this emperor, for whom he expresses enthusiastic admiration, in his campaigns against the Alamanni and the Sassanids. Late Roman World and its Historian.

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Barnes explores the historian's biases and personal prejudices, documenting seemingly intentional distortions and demonstrating that Ammianus advanced a pessimistic and anti-Christian interpretation of the Roman Empire.

He was residing in Antioch in when a certain Theodorus was thought to have been identified the successor to the emperor Valens by divination.

LATIN DICTIONARY - Dictionary of Latin Authors and Figures - Ammianus Marcellinus

This is the first book on Ammianus to place equal emphasis on the literary and historical aspects of his writing. In his description of the empire—the exhaustion produced by excessive taxation, the financial ruin of the middle classes, the progressive decline in the morale of the army—we find the explanation of its fall before the Goths twenty years after his death.

Late Roman World and its Historian. The first modern edition was produced by C. However, virtually all major works of Greek and Latin prose possessed such clausulae; and some scholars have rejected the identification of Libanius' Marcellinus with Ammianus, since Marcellinus was a very common name and the tone suggests Libanius was addressing a man much younger than himself Ammianus was his contemporary.

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He was aware that appearing to be too critical, or too sympathetic, towards named people might attract censure. He was not blind to the faults of Christians or of pagans; he observed in his Res Gestae that "no wild beasts are so deadly to humans as most Christians are to each other. His digressions on the various countries he had visited are particularly interesting.

Hunt considers this observation to be original to Marcellinus: He does refer to Sallust and allusion to Tacitus, Livy, and Herodotus can be identified in his text.

The Text Tradition of Ammianus Marcellinus. He accompanied Julian, for whom he expresses enthusiastic admiration, in his campaigns against the Alamanni and the Sassanids. The only independent textual source for Ammianus lies in Fragmenta Marbugensia Manother ninth-century Frankish codex which was taken apart to provide covers for account-books during the fifteenth century.

Making it clear that he is speaking as an eyewitness, Marcellinus tells us, in his history, of how Theodorus and several others were made to confess their deceit through the use of torture, and cruelly punished.

Books by Ammianus Marcellinus:

According to Kimberly Kagan, his accounts of battles emphasize the experience of the soldiers but at the cost of ignoring the bigger picture. The surviving eighteen books cover the period from to Rerum gestarum libri qui supersunt in 2 vols. As a result it is difficult for the reader to understand why the battles he describes had the outcome they did.

It is lauded as a clear, comprehensive, and generally impartial account of events by a contemporary; like many ancient historians, however, Ammianus was in fact not impartial, although he expresses an intention to be so, and had strong moral and religious prejudices.

Ammianus Marcellinus - New World Encyclopedia

Coin bearing the image of Julian the Apostate. Only six leaves of M survive; however, the printed edition of Gelenius G is considered to be based on M, making it an important witness to the textual tradition of the Res Gestae.

The next edition Bologna, suffered from its editor's "monstrously bad conjectures" upon the poor text of the edition; the edition was pirated for the first Froben edition Basle,